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Kolkata Travel

 

Kolkata, the 'City of Joy' is located near the eastern coast of India, in the state of West Bengal. It sprawls north-south along the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, which divides it from Howrah on the western bank. It is a densely populated and polluted city. It is one of the country's most fascinating centers, which has some scenes of rare beauty. During the British Raj Kolkata was known as the Jewel of the East and was the capital of the country till 1911. Today, it is the most important city in the east of India, the hub of trade and industry of the State and has Victorian imprints on its streets and structures.

Kolkata has a spirit that never dies. There are flower sellers beside the misty, ethereal Hooghly River; the majestic sweep of the Maidan, the arrogant bulk of the Victoria Memorial, the superb collection of archaeological treasures exhibited in the Indian Museum, all part of this amazing city.

Facts and figures

Location from Major Metros Delhi (1462 kms ), Mumbai (1987 kms ), Chennai (1676 kms).

Known for
Kolkata is known for its history and the grand Victoria memorial.

Climate & the best time to visit
Kolkata has a hot and humid climate. Summers are hot, the temperature fluctuates between 30 degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius and the minimum temperature is recorded between 14 degree Celsius to 25 degree Celsius. The rainy season begins in the month of June and lasts up to October bringing in moderately severe rains. The temperature also remains moderate during these days. The best time to visit Kolkata is between October to March and April to June.

Attractions in the city



Victoria Memorial Victoria Memorial is a splendid architectural structure in white marble, modeled on the Taj Mahal. It was built in the early 20th century, in memory of Queen Victoria and was formally inaugurated by the Prince of Wales in 1921. The noble bronze statue of the queen near the entrance, the brass canons, wrought iron street lamps, manicured lawns, gardens and pathways, the magical lighting effect in the evening and a fairy tale 'Fountain of Joy' facing the memorial building create an atmosphere of unforgettable charm.

Eden Gardens In the North-West corner of the Maidan are small & pleasantly laid out Eden Gardens. The gardens were created in 1840 and named after the sister of Lord Auckland, the former governor general. This lovely garden is dotted with beautiful trees and shrubs, intersected by winding paths, and there is a large artificial lake also. Alongside the gardens, is the world famous Eden Gardens cricket stadium. Near the gardens you can take a pleasant walk along the bank of Hoogly river.

Birla Planetarium
Birla planetarium, near the government of India tourist office, is one of the largest in the world and is located on Kolkata's Eastern metropolitan bypass. It is one of its kind in India. There are shows in English everyday. Set amidst trees and lawns, here one explore the mysteries of science.

Shantiniketan Shantiniketan is located 211 km from Kolkata. At Shantiniketan, an ashram was founded by Maharshi Debendranath, father of Rabindranath Tagore in 1863 AD. Almost 40 years later, Rabindranath started an open-air school at Shantiniketan. It gradually developed into an international university named Visva Bharti where the cultures of the East and the West meet in common fellowship. Thereby strengthening the fundamental conditions of world peace.

Sunderbans Tiger Reserve
Located around 166 km from Kolkata is Sunderbans, a large unbroken swamp criss-crossed by a network of rivers, channels and creeks at the mouth of rivers, the Ganga and the Brahmputra. Sunderbans spreads over an area of 1,629 sq. km and was declared a reserve between 1928 and 1943. This marshy land is famous for Royal Bengal tigers and other variety of marine life which include the salt water crocodile, Olive Ridley turtle, Leopards and the fishing cats.

Kali Temple
The Kali temple was rebuilt in 1809 on the site of a much older temple, Kalighat, the actual temple from which Kolkata takes its name. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali, who represents the destructive side of Siva's consort and demands daily sacrifices. This is an extremely busy temple. Mother Teresa's Hospital for the dying destitute is situated right next door to the temple.

Howrah Bridge
Howrah bridge is one of three bridges on the river Hooghly. It is regarded as the most famous symbol of not only Kolkata but also West Bengal. Until 1943, the Hooghly River was crossed by a pontoon bridge which had to be opened to let river traffic through. There was considerable opposition to construction of a bridge due to fears that it would affect the river currents and cause silting problems. But this problem was eventually avoided by building a bridge that crosses the river in a single 450m span, the bridge has no pylons at all within the river. Other places of interest

Ganga Sagar
The Ganga Sagar is an important cultural and religious destination. It also has an outstanding beach for tourists, which is situated on the island in the Sunderbans. It holds the charm of a completely unspoilt beach on the estuary of the mighty Ganga. One can reach Ganga Sagar from Kolkata by bus.

How to reach



By Air : Kolkata is connected by air with Jorhat, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Port Blair, Ranchi, Silchar, Tezpur, Visakhapatnam, Amritsar, Delhi and Leh.

By Rail : Kolkata railway station connects Kolkata with all major cities of the country.

By Road : Kolkata is well connected by road with all major parts of the country.